Dysarthria-Health Geeku

Dysarthria-Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Dysarthria

Dysarthria: a motor speech disorder affecting muscles in the mouth, face, and respiratory system is called Dysarthria. The condition usually causes of neurological injuries, such as a stroke or other kind of brain injury.

It is also known as dysarthosis. Both are separate conditions from, but sometimes stumped with, another speech-related disorder known as aphasia.


Symptoms

Symptoms of dysarthria may include:

  • Abnormal speech rhythm
  • Audible breathing (breathiness)
  • Chewing Difficulty
  • Difficulty in pronouncing words
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Drooling
  • Jaw movement is limited
  • Hoarseness
  • Lip movement get limited
  • Limited tongue movement
  • Poor articulation
  • Rapid speech rate with mumbling
  • Speech rate get slow
  • Slurred speech
  • Soft speaking
  • Speech quality may changes

Causes

Various conditions, including: may cause dysarthria.

  • Alcohol intoxication
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, a.k.a. Lou Gehrig’s disease)
  • Botulism
  • Dementia
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Dentures which fit poorly
  • Facial trauma
  • Head cancer surgery
  • Head trauma
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Neck cancer surgery
  • Nervous system-neurological disorders affecting the brain
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2
  • Stroke
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Classification

Depending upon how symptoms are present, dysarthrias may classify in different manners. Certain classifications of dysarthria include:

  • Ataxic
  • Flaccid
  • Hyperkinetic
  • Hypokinetic
  • Spastic
  • Unilateral upper motor neuron
  • Mixed dysarthrias

Diagnosis and Treatment

A doctor or medical professional makes the diagnosis of dysarth–. Medical history, particularly involving speech impairment, may be requested, and questions may ask of the patient. Specific diagnostic tests may also use in physical examination, including:

  • Blood tests
  • Cerebral angiography
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan (head)
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • Lumbar puncture
  • MR angiography
  • MRI (head)
  • Urine tests
  • X-ray (skull)

Treatment for dysarthria may vary from case to case. The individual may see a speech or language therapist. A communication aid may use in some cases where it is possible to treat the underlying cause of the dysarthria that may be on the method used.

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